Surgical, Medical, Acute Response Team (SMART)

Service contact information

Service detail

What is SMART?

SMART manage acute and deteriorating patients across The Walton Centre. It is a model of care which ensures ward staff have access to clinical advice and interventions as soon as concerns are identified with a patient. SMART also encompasses a critical care outreach service, a line service and is fully supported by medical staff.

Who are the SMART members?

SMART comprises of Advanced Outreach Nurse Practitioners; Outreach Sisters, plus a Junior Doctor, Core Medical Trainee or Core Surgical Trainee. Daily supervision is undertaken by the first on-call Neurosurgical Registrar and Neurology Registrar, both of whom are overseen by their clinical director.

What do SMART do?

SMART are a 24/7 team who :-

  • Attend where there are concerns that a patient is deteriorating, showing signs of an acute clinical episode or NEWS >5. SMART will clinically use an ABCDE approach to clinically assess the patient. SMART members are highly clinically trained and skilled individuals.
  • Form part of the resuscitation team and have advanced life support qualifications.
  • Are responsible for the initial assessment and triage of emergency admissions into the wards across The Walton Centre. On arrival, the ward will notify the SMART Coordinator so that the patient can be assessed, examined, clerked and initial investigations ordered prior to Registrar review. This will ensure that a management plan is put in place and recorded in the shortest possible time, before the patient is handed over to their host Consultant team.
  • Work closely with the Physiotherapists and Speech and Language Therapists by undertaking a daily tracheostomy round. All patients in a ward setting with a tracheostomy will be reviewed every morning by this multidisciplinary team.
  • Insert, review and audit long term venous access. These are PICC lines (percutaneous inserted central catheter) and midlines.
  • Work closely with the Advanced Nurse Practitioners utilising their specialist expertise, and with the medical teams to ensure effective communication occurs.
  • Involved in teaching for sepsis, basic life support, deteriorating patient workshop and tracheostomy workshop. SMART are always available for advice and support and regularly provide education.
  • Out-of-hours and to ensure safe hospital at night services, they hold the bronze in command and bed managers bleep.
  • Out-of-hours, SMART will also be involved in the thrombectomy service.
  • Review all ITU/HDU discharges before the patient is discharged to the wards. The team then continue to review these patients for a minimum of 24 hours and provide a follow-up service.
  • Undertake research and audits to improve patient safety and care through service improvements. IE, sepsis trolleys, emergency seizure bags, Acute Kidney Injury (AKI).

SMART is in place to maximise patient safety and ensure that whenever it is required patients receive responsive, high quality care. The role of SMART is ever evolving in response to patient needs and the above list outlines an overview of the team’s duties but is not exhaustive.  


Getting here

The Walton Centre - Main Hospital Building

The Walton Centre Main Building

This building hosts many of our in-patient services, including wards and theatres, and some outpatients services.


Lower Lane, Liverpool, L9 7LJ

Directions and map

The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust is not responsible for third-party sites or content.

Surgical, Medical, Acute Response Team (SMART) Consultants

Dr Sandeep Lakhani

Dr Lakhani was the Clinical Director for Neuroanaesthesia and Critical Care from 2012 to 2019 and is currently the Divisional Clinical Director, Neurosurgical division.

Page last updated: 22 June 2021